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Posts for tag: periodontal disease

By D Casey Hart DDS
July 23, 2019
Category: Oral Health

The two most common types of periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a mild form that can be reversed by brushing at least three times a day and flossing at least once a day. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease after gingivitis is left untreated. If your oral care routine needs improvement or you are worried about developing periodontal disease, Dr. Casey Hart, in Marietta, GA, can offer you guidance.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition that affects bone and tissue support surrounding the teeth. It progresses in four stages, but Dr. D. Casey Hart, believes you should never even reach phase one. Aggressive forms of gum disease can lead to potential tooth loss and compromise your oral health system.

Periodontal Disease Symptoms

  • Red and swollen gums
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth

Professional treatment is critical to keeping your permanent teeth for a lifetime. Routine dental cleanings help remove bits and pieces of dental plaque and tartar - the main risk factors for periodontal disease development. If you are bothered by any of the symptoms above, Dr. D. Casey Hart, can recommend a service to alleviate your discomfort.

The primary cause of the development of periodontal disease is dental plaque, but other risk factors that affect your gums include age, tobacco use, genetics, stress, poor nutrition, poor oral care habits, and oral-systemic diseases. It's essential to keep bad oral behavior to a minimum and remove plaque daily. It's additionally vital to visit your doctor in Marietta, GA, for routine exams to maintain a healthy oral care regimen.

If you notice increased swelling near your gums, or experience pain when you brush your teeth, schedule a consultation with Dr. D. Casey Hart, in Marietta, GA, to discuss your treatment options. For questions or concerns in regards to periodontal disease or general dentistry, please call (770) 926-8371.


If you suspect you have periodontal (gum) disease, it's important to get a correct diagnosis and begin treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you begin treatment the better the long-term outcome.

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that's most often triggered by plaque, a thin film of food particles on tooth surfaces. Plaque buildup most often occurs when a person doesn't practice effective oral hygiene: daily brushing and flossing and professional cleanings at least twice a year.

The most common type of gum disease, gingivitis, can begin within days of not brushing and flossing. It won't always show itself, but you can have symptoms like swollen, red or bleeding gums, as well as bad taste and breath. You could also develop painful abscesses, which are localized pockets of infection within the gums.

If we don't stop the disease it will eventually weaken the gum attachment to the teeth, bone loss will occur and form deep pockets of infection between the teeth and bone. There's only one way to stop it: remove the offending plaque from all tooth surfaces, particularly below the gum line.

We usually remove plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) manually with special hand instruments called scalers. If the plaque and calculus have extended deeper, we may need to perform another procedure called root planing in which we shave or “plane” the plaque and calculus (tartar) from the root surfaces.

In many cases of early gum disease, your family dentist can perform plaque removal. If, however, your gum disease is more extensive, they may refer you to a periodontist, a specialist in the treatment and care of gums. Periodontists are trained and experienced in treating a full range of gum infections with advanced techniques, including gum surgery.

You can also see a periodontist on your own for treatment or for a second opinion — you don't necessarily need a referral order. If you have a systemic disease like diabetes it's highly advisable you see a periodontist first if you suspect gum disease.

If you think you might have gum disease, don't wait: the longer you do the more advanced and destructive the disease can become. Getting an early start on treatment is the best way to keep the treatment simple and keep gum disease from causing major harm to your teeth and gums.

If you would like more information on the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “When to See a Periodontist.”